Breastfeeding and the Vertical Transmission of HIV in Botswana

27 Sep

I originally wrote this blog for the International Women’s Initiative

HIV/AIDS is one of the most significant development challenges facing Botswana, a sparsely populated country in southern Africa. The prevalence of HIV/AIDS in Botswana is nearly 25% among adults, which puts Botswana as the second highest HIV/AIDS prevalent country in the world. The virus is spread mainly through heterosexual transmission among adolescents and adults and vertical transmission from mother-to-child.

The government of Botswana has put several measures in place to mitigate the spread of HIV. Particular focus has been put on reducing the new infections of infants through vertical transmission. Antiretrovirals (ARVs) are provided to women from when they are seven months pregnant, through childbirth and until they stop breastfeeding. However, there is still a lot of controversy surrounding HIV-positive mothers and breastfeeding, especially in Botswana.

Please go here to read the rest of this article. 

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